Poetry Types

 

HAIKU
3 lines

Line 1 – 5 syllables
Line 2 – 7 syllables
Line 3 – 5 syllables

(or alternative  structure 3/5/3)

 

PANTOUM
Four x 4 line stanzas with the following line pattern (structure)

Stanza 1 –  Line 1, line 2 , line 3 , line 4
Stanza 2 – Line 2, line 5, line 4, line 6
Stanza 3 – Line 5, line 7, line 6, line 8
Stanza 4 – Line 7, line 3, line 8, line 1

 

SHADORMA
One (or more) six line stanza/s (sestet)

Line 1 – 3 syllables
Line 2 – 5 syllables
Line 3 – 3 syllables
Line 4 – 3 syllables
Line 5 – 7 syllables
Line 6 – 5 syllables
(total of 26 syllables)

 

TANKA
5 lines

Line 1 – 5 syllables
Line 2 – 7 syllables
Line 3 – 5 syllables
Line 4 & 5 – 7 syllables

 

ELFJE
An ‘Elfje’ counts as five sentences.

Line 1. One word. This word symbolizes a colour or feature. The word symbolizes the atmosphere.
Line 2. Two words. These are something or someone with this colour or feature.
Line 3. Three words. Giving more information about the person or the object. You describe where the person or the object is, who the person or what the object is, or what the person or object is doing. This sentence usually starts with the word ‘he’, ‘she’ or ‘it.’
Line 4. Four words. Here you are writing something about yourself in relation to the person or the object. This sentence is your conclusion.
Line 5. One word. This word is called the ‘Bomb.’ It is the essence of the poem.



The example of a pure Elfje most often found on the Internet is:

Yellow
the eyes
in the dark
Is there a cat?
Miauw.

 

CINQUAIN
Cinquains are five lines long.
Line 1 – one word, 2 syllables (noun)
Line 2 – two words, 4 syllables (adjectives)
Line 3 – three words, 6 syllables (verbs ending in -ing)
Line 4 – four words, 8 syllables (express feeling or describe noun)
Line 5 – one word, 2 syllables (synonym for noun in line 1)

Cinquains do not need to rhyme, but you can include rhymes if you want to.

 

FIBONACCI
A Fibonacci poem is a six-line, 20 syllable poem.

The number of syllables in each line of the poem is the sum of the previous two lines: 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8

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