Australia is a representative democracy. In this political system, eligible people vote for candidates to govern on their behalf. Australia’s system of government—its institutions and practices—reflect British and North American traditions combined in a way that is uniquely Australian.
Australia is a federation, a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary democracy.
This means that Australia:
– Has a Queen, who resides in the United Kingdom and is represented in Australia by a Governor-General.
– Is governed by a ministry headed by the Prime Minister.
– Has a two-chamber Commonwealth Parliament to make laws.
– A government, led by the Prime Minister, which must have a majority of seats in the House of Representatives.
– Has eight State and Territory Parliaments.
Canberra is the heart of Australia’s democracy. As the national capital, parliament convenes here in our unique Parliament House.